Top 10 Biggest Man Made Disasters in History

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man made disasters in history

If you want to know the biggest man made disasters in history so we are providing a list of the top 10 biggest man made disasters in history.

There are many man-made disasters that occur each year. Some of these disasters are caused by natural disasters, such as hurricanes, but others are the result of human error.

A man-made disaster can be defined as any event that is caused by human activity, such as a chemical spill, a terrorist attack, or a natural disaster.

These events can have a significant impact on both human and environmental health and can cause significant financial losses.

Man-made disasters can be difficult to predict, and can often result in significant losses of life and property.

In order to reduce the risk of man made disasters, it is important to understand the risks associated with specific types of activities.

If you are aware of any potential man-made disaster, please report it to authorities immediately.

By doing so, you can help ensure that the victims of the disaster are treated properly and that the resulting damage is minimized.

So let’s start the list of The World Top 10 biggest man made disasters in history.

Top 10 Biggest Man-Made Disasters

10. Dam Failure (India, 1979)

dam failure one of the biggest man made disasters in history

India’s Dam Failure is one of the biggest man made disasters in history and it is the 10th number on the top 10 biggest man made disasters in history.

The Morbi tragedy, also known as the Machchhu dam breach, was a dam-related water disaster that happened on August 11, 1979.

When the Machchu-2 dam on the Machchhu river burst, a wall of water swept over the Gujarati town of Morbi (now in the Morbi district). Estimates of the fatality toll range widely, from 1,800 to 25,000 people.

  • Country – India
  • Date – 1979
  • Deaths – Around 15,000

9. Fukushima Nuclear Disaster (Japan, 2011)

Fukushima Nuclear Disaster biggest disaster in history

A nuclear accident at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant in Kuma, Fukushima, Japan, in 2011 led to the Fukushima nuclear disaster.

The 2011 Tohoku earthquake and tsunami, which occurred on March 11, 2011, and was the most violent earthquake ever recorded in Japan, were the direct causes of the nuclear tragedy.

The nuclear power facility was damaged by the strong tsunami that the earthquake caused, which had waves that were 13 to 14 metres high.

Radiation emitted into the environment in the days following the accident compelled the government to designate an ever-larger evacuation zone surrounding the facility, eventually reaching a 20 km radius.

In total, about 110,000 people left the nearby villages of the facility due to the increasing ambient ionising radiation levels off-site brought on by airborne radioactive contamination from the damaged reactors.

  • Country – Japan
  • Date – 2011
  • Deaths – Around 18,500

8. Wanggongchang (China, 1626)

Wanggongchang disaster

The Wanggongchang Explosion, also known as the Great Tianqi Explosion, Wanggongchang Calamity, or Beijing Explosive Incident in the late Ming dynasty,

was a catastrophic explosion that happened on May 30, 1626, during the final years of Tianqi Emperor’s rule, in Beijing, the densely populated capital of Ming China.

It is estimated that 20,000 people were killed in the explosion. Although a significant gunpowder manufacturing facility at the epicentre, it is unclear what caused the explosion.

  • Country – China
  • Date – 1626
  • Deaths – Around 20,000

7. Bhopal Gas Leak (India, 1984)

Bhopal Gas Leak the biggest disaster
Image source by news9live

The Union Carbide India Limited pesticide facility in Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India, experienced a chemical mishap on the night of December 2-3, 1984,

which is also known as the Bhopal catastrophe or the Bhopal gas tragedy. The industrial catastrophe is regarded as the worst in human history.

Methyl isocyanate (MIC) gas was inhaled by more than 500,000 persons. The little settlements close to the factory were exposed to the very poisonous chemical, as were areas around them.

Estimates of the death toll vary. There were 2,259 confirmed immediate fatalities. The family members of the 5,743,666 injured victims and the 3,787 victims killed in the gas spill received compensation from the Madhya Pradesh government in 2008.

  • Country – India
  • Date – 1984
  • Deaths – Around 20,000

6. Banqiao Dam Collapse (China, 1975)

Banqiao Dam Collapse biggest man made disasters in history

The Banqiao Dam disaster of 1975 occurred in Henan, China, when Typhoon Nina caused the Banqiao Dam and 61 other dams to fall in August of that year.

With an estimated death toll varying between 26,000 and 240,000, the dam collapse caused the third-deadliest flood in history, which affected a total of 10.15 million people and submerged 30 cities and counties across an area of 12,000 square kilometres (or 3 million acres).

A further consequence of the flood was the collapse of 5 million to 6.8 million homes. The dam collapse occurred at a time when the Cultural Revolution was occupying a lot of people’s thoughts.

  • Country – China
  • Date – 1975
  • Deaths – Around 2,40,000

5. Hiroshima and Nagasaki (Japan, 1945)

Hiroshima and Nagasaki atomic disaster in history

On August 6 and 9, 1945, respectively, the United States dropped two atomic bombs on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki and it is also one of the biggest man made disasters in history.

The two attacks still stand as the sole instances of nuclear weapons being used in armed combat, killing between 129,000 and 226,000 people, the majority of whom were civilians.

  • Country – Japan
  • Date – 1945
  • Deaths – Around 2,50,000

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4. Rwandan Genocide (Rwanda, 1994)

Rwandan Genocide
Image source by ABC news

The Rwandan genocide, commonly referred to as the genocide against the Tutsi, took place from 7 April to 15 July 1994 while Rwanda was still embroiled in a civil war.

Armed militias massacred members of the Tutsi minority ethnic group, as well as some moderate Hutu and Twa, during this roughly 100-day period.

According to the majority of scholarly estimates, between 500,000 and 800,000 Tutsi people died.

  • Country – Rwanda
  • Date – 1994
  • Deaths – Around 8,00,000

3. Armenian Genocide (Armenia, 1917)

Armenian Genocide
Image source American university

The systematic eradication of the Armenian people and identity in the Ottoman Empire during World War I is known as the Armenian genocide.

It was carried out chiefly through the forced Islamization of Armenian women and children and the mass slaughter of roughly one million Armenians during death marches to the Syrian Desert, both of which were spearheaded by the ruling Committee of Union and Progress (CUP).

The Ottoman government imprisoned and expelled hundreds of academics and leaders from the Armenian community from Constantinople on April 24, 1915.

Between 800,000 and 1.5 million Armenians are thought to have been taken on death marches to the Syrian Desert in 1915 and 1916 under Talaat Pasha’s orders.

The deportees were robbed, raped, and killed while being forced onward by paramilitary escorts. They also suffered from a lack of food and water.

  • Country – Armenia
  • Date – 1917
  • Deaths – Around 1.5 Million

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2. Holodomor (Ukraine, 1932)

Holodomor
Image source qirim

Millions of Ukrainians perished in the Holodomor, also known as the Terror-Famine or the Great Famine, which occurred in Soviet Ukraine between 1932 and 1933.

The Holodomor famine was a component of the larger Soviet famine of 1932–1933, which impacted the nation’s principal grain-producing regions and it is one of the biggest man made disasters in history

Country – Ukraine
Date – 1932
Deaths – Around 4 Million

1. The Holocaust (Poland, 1945)

The Holocaust was one of the biggest man made disasters in history
Image source by TIME

One of the biggest man made disasters in history, The Holocaust often spelt as the Shoah, was World War II’s mass murder of Jews in Europe.

Six million Jews, or roughly two-thirds of the Jewish population in Europe, were methodically murdered by Nazi Germany and its allies between 1941 and 1945 while living under German occupation.

  • Country – Poland
  • Date – 1945
  • Deaths – Around 6 Million Jews

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